Beneficiary : ITASCA

Itasca Consultants S.A.S. provides consulting services and computer modelling solutions to further understanding and resolving of engineering-related problems in the fields of civil and mining engineering, hydrogeology, natural hazards, geothermal energy, waste disposal, oil and gas.

ITASCA has both expertise skills and numerical tools that can be used to conduct numerical experiments including Discrete Fracture Network modelling and hydro-mechanical applications.

Members involved in ENIGMA ITN

Dr. Caroline Darcel
Dr. Romain Le Goc

Hosting of ESR

ESR 4 Justine Molron

Beneficiary : µQuans

µQuanS ( has put together a unique team composed of highly skilled R&D engineers, covering various areas of expertise.
µQuanS has started to build its core competences, which are based in a unique technological expertise in:
• system design/integration, combining  deep knowledge in quantum mechanics and rigorous design methodology;
• several key areas critical for our activities: laser stabilization, low-noise electronics, agile microwave synthesis, ultra-high vacuum, optomechanics and real-time software.

µQuans is developing a new range of high-precision absolute gravimeters for field applications. It achieves the first commercial gravimeter based on laser-cooled atoms.

µQuanS has a fully equipped laboratory for the development of its instruments (optics & lasers, electronics & microwave, vacuum). It can also offer the infrastructure to handle powerful data processing required for the analysis of gravity measurements.

Members involved in ENIGMA ITN

Dr. Vincent Menoret (research engineer)
Bruno Desruelle (CEO of Muquans)

Hosting of ESR

Beneficiary : Neuchatel University (UNINE)

The UNINE-CHYN is a leading Swiss institute for groundwater research and training. The institute hosts five research groups in applied hydrogeology, quantitative hydrogeology, stochastic hydrogeology, hydrochemistry / contaminants and geothermics.

The Emmental is a pre-alpine river catchment (about 200 km2) in central Switzerland with steep hydraulic gradients with rapid groundwater flow rates (up 100 m/d). The site is very well instrumented and features an on-line collection of sensor data for generating and the verifying environmental models. Long time series of e.g. stream flow, meteo data, temperature measurements and isotopic data exist. We have full access to the unique laboratory infrastructure at the University of Bern (Collaboration with Dr. R. Purtschert) for the Argon 37 analysis.

Members involved in ENIGMA ITN

Prof. Philip Brunner (Professor)
Prof. Daniel Hunkeler (Professor)
Prof. Philippe Renard (Professor)

Hosting of ESR

Beneficiary : University of Lausanne (UNIL)

UNIL is an expanding university with more than 14,000 students and 3000 staff members. The Faculty of Geosciences and Environment spans subject areas from environmental humanities to the geosciences.

The institute of Earth Sciences is one of the three main Earth Science institutes in Switzerland. Its 13 professors have developed vigorous and internationally renowned research groups that cover applied and environmental geophysics, geodynamics, tectonics, structural geology, igneous and metamorphic petrology, paleoclimatology, sedimentology, and geological risk. This group functions in a collaborative manner with extensive exchange between all members, common seminar series, and it has a reputation of being a world-leading group in applied and environmental geophysics.

Processing packages, commercial and geophysical inversion software, and field computers are available. The in-house DALCO parallel computing cluster  will be used for all time-consuming computations and inversions. The Applied and Environmental Geophysics Group has one of the most complete instrument pools in the world and the necessary know-how of acquiring and interpreting most relevant geophysical techniques in a wide range of scientific and geological contexts.

Members involved in ENIGMA ITN

Prof. Niklas Linde (associate professor of environmental geophysics)
Prof Pietro de Anna (professor)

Hosting of ESR

Beneficiary : University of Copenhagen

The University of Copenhagen is the largest research and education institution in Denmark. The University is highly competitive and is ranked as one of the leading universities globally with the most recent ARWU ranking placed the University as No. 35 worldwide and No. 6 in Europe.

The Water Resources Group within the Geology Section at the Department of Geosciences and Nature Management is a world-leading centre on hydrology and water resources. It hosts the 10 year national-funded Centre for Hydrology (HOBE, 11.8 million €) bringing together all hydrological research communities in Denmark and collaborating internationally with similar international networks around the world. The fundamental philosophy is to blend field work with process understanding using advanced numerical simulation tools.

UCPH is managing the Danish hydrological observatory within the Skjern river catchment (HOBE experimental site in order to carry out integrated and interdisciplinary measurements and experiments at multiple spatial and temporal scales.

The HOBE site creates a high density multi-scale data set that provide a platform for long-term innovative interdisciplinary hydrological research, particularly with respect to development of improved process understandings, scaling theories and integrated hydrological models.
The site has been instrumented with a range of sensors including soil moisture network, piezometers, temperature sensors and geophysical instruments (GPR, ERT). It hosts regularly campaigns of airborne remote sensing, temperature and water isotope measurements.

Members involved in ENIGMA ITN

Prof. Peter Engesgaard (Professor)
Prof. Karsten H. Jensen  (Professor)
Prof. Majken C. Looms  (Professor)
Prof. Lars Nielsen (Professor)

Hosting of ESR